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Modern aspects of infective endocarditis treatment and prophylaxis in children
Infective endocarditis represents a relatively rare, but potentially lethal disease during childhood. The therapeutic goal is to rapidly and completely eradicate the infection. This can be attained by precocious administration of effective doses of antibiotics, for an adequate period of time. The latest infective endocarditis prophylaxis guides recommend that prophylactic antibiotic administration is maintained for patients with predisposing heart diseases, but prophylactic administration of antibiotics should be limited to patients with the highest risk that undergo highest risk procedures.
Key words: infective endocarditis, treatment, prophylaxis