National Awards “Science and Research”
NEW! RJP has announced the annually National Award for "Science and Research" for the best scientific articles published throughout the year in the official journal.
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The published medical research literature is a global public good. Medical journal editors have a social responsibility to promote global health by publishing, whenever possible, research that furthers health worldwide.
Dentocalmin is a contact anesthetic, analgesic and local antiseptic treatment used in dentistry. Poisoning with this substance causes severe clinical manifestations due to lidocaine and phenol, the main active constituents. We present the case of an 11 months old infant, accidentally poisoned with dentocalmin, admitted with seizures followed by cardiopulmonary arrest. He was resuscitated and mechanically ventilated for 24 hours. The evolution was favourable, despite high toxic dose and complications arising from endotracheal intubation – pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and cervical and thoracic subcutaneous emphysema. The child was discharged 10 days later, in good general condition, without neuropsychiatric sequelae.
Key words: dentocalmin, poisoning, seizures, cardiopulmonary arrest, child