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PANCREATIC METAPLASIA OF THE GASTRIC MUCOSA IN CHILD
Pancreatic metaplasia is defined as the development of pancreatic tissue in an abnormal location and without direct connection to the pancreas. The heterotopic pancreatic tissue is most frequently noticed in the antral gastric mucosa, duodenum and jejunum. We present the case of a 13-year-old patient, admitted in Pediatrics Clinic 1 Targu-Mures, for recurrent abdominal pain and heartburns. The laboratory tests pointed out lymphocytosis (41%) with monocytosis (8.9%), eosinophilia (4.9%), an increased number of reticulocytes (20%), a decreased serum level of triglycerides and a value above the superior limit for calcium and magnesium. The abdominal ultrasound did not reveal any pathological modifications. The superior digestive endoscopy showed a granular gastric mucosa, therefore we took a biopsy of the antral mucosa, The pathological exam pointed out a fragment of pancreatic metaplasia in the antral gastric mucosa. The evolution was favorable with diet and treatment for the associated lesions. The particularity of the case consists in the presence of pancreatic metaplasia of the gastric mucosa in a patient with recurrent abdominal pain and heartburns, without significant familial or personal history.
Keywords: pancreatic metaplasia, child, abdominal pain, heartburn