SELECT ISSUE

Revista Romana de PEDIATRIE | Volumul LX, Nr. 2, An 2011
ISSN 1454-0398  |  e-ISSN 2069-6175
ISSN-L 1454-0398
DOI: 10.37897/RJP

Indexată BDI  |  IDB Indexed

DOAJ
Ebsco Host - Medline
DOI - Crossref

HIGHLIGHTS

Publicarea de articole științifice

Stimați cititori, vă reamintim că autorii primi ai articolelor științifice pot acumula 80 de credite EMC în urma publicării. Dacă un articol are mai mulți autori, cele 80 de credite [...]

PREMIU NAȚIONAL AUTORI

RJP și SRPed oferă anual Premiul Național pentru Știință și Cercetare - pentru autorii celor mai bune articole științifice publicate [...]

Plagiatul – în actualitate

Tema plagiatului este tot mai mult discutată în ultima vreme. Apariția unor programe performante de căutare și identificare a similitudinilor între texte [...]

Neurological manifestations in children with autism

, , and

ABSTRACT

The autism is a pervasive developmental disorder that can be associated with various neurological disorders. The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of neurological abnormalities, the presence of epileptic seizures and/or EEG abnormalities in children with autism. Our study included 34 children (aged 2.5 to 13 years) diagnosed with autism. The study protocol included: general physical and neurological examination, IQ, tests of language, behavior, auditory attention, social skills and play, clinical features of epileptic seizures, EEG recordings. Neurological exam revealed mild hypotonia in 19 (55.88%) patients with autism, hyporeflexia in 21 (61.76%), the presence of stereotype movements in 24 (70.58%) and abnormalities of gait in 5 (14,80%) cases. Epileptic seizures were present in 9 children. EEG changes were present in all children diagnosed with autism and epilepsy, but also in those with no clinically critical episodes; they were represented by nonepileptic type in 29.41% cases and epileptic abnormalities in 44.12%. The changes of tone and reflexes, seizures and epileptic discharges were particularly common in children studied with autism. Our data suggests that EEG evaluation is important for these patients. The management of epilepsy in autism consists in the administration of antiepileptic drugs that, in addition to seizures control, also interfere with mood and behavioral disturbance observed in autism.

Key words: autism, child, epilepsy, EEG abnormalities, neurological abnormalities

Full text | PDF

Leave a Reply