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GASTRIC ULCER AFTER SHORT-TERM NONSTEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS ADMINISTRATION IN A SMALL CHILD – CASE REPORT
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) produce gastric lesions through two mechanisms: local irritation and systemic action. A 2 year and 10 months old female received NSAID for acute upper respiratory infection for 2 days and she developed coffee ground vomitus one day later. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a gastric ulcer. She was negative for H. pylori infection, and she was diagnosed with NSAID – induced acute gastric ulcer in the absence of other causes of gastric ulcer. Gastric ulcers develop very rarely after a short-term administration of NSAIDs, which prompted us to report this case. Balancing the risk and the benefit of eradication therapy, it is indicated, for every patient who must follow a chronic treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs, to look for possible associated risk factors.
Keywords: anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), gastric ulcer, child