National Awards “Science and Research”
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Evolutive and clinical issues in acute infant pneumonia
Liliana Anghelina, Ligia Stanescu, Georgeta Corniţescu, Florin Anghelina and Elena Ioniţă
Infectious pneumonia are the most common products of viruses and bacteria. In children etiology is dominated by viral infections that are up to 90% of all child pneumonia The following paper is the result of a retrospective study performed on a lot of 165 infants with acute pneumonia that were admitted to the Pediatric Clinic of Filantropia Hospital Craiova between the 1st of January – the 1st of July 2010, our purpose being to follow the frequency and the current evolution of acute infant pneumonia and also to assess the risk factor that leads to the installation of the respiratory disorders. In the cases we studied, some with severe forms and others with prolonged evolution, acute pneumonias healed without sequelae. The forms that necessitated more than 10 day hospitalization required additional investigations in order to exclude complications, affections or accidents. After having excluded other factors, we correlated the prolonged evolution of these cases with particularities regarding the age and the immunodefi ciency (dystrophy, rickets).
Key words: pneumonia, infant, rickets, malnutrition