National Awards “Science and Research”
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DIAGNOSIS DIFFICULTIES IN INFANT’S HYPOGLYCEMIA
Alina Grama, Oana Marginean, Iulian Velea, Corina Paul, Mihaela Chincesan and Lorena Elena Melit
Introduction. Hypoglycemia with its diverse causes is frequently encountered in the pediatrics pathology, beginning with the neonatal period and until the adolescent one. Through its consequences, both, the early (seizures, coma) and the late ones (neurological impairment), hypoglycemia must be identified, prevented, avoided and treated.
Objectives. To present the clinical evolution of a female patient with severe, symptomatic hypoglycemia even since the neonatal period. Since birth, the value of glycaemia presents a fluctuant dynamic, and the isolated decrease of glycaemia does not necessary represent a pathological situation, but can be a symptom of an underlying disorder.
Material and method. The patient is admitted in our clinic at the age of newborn in order to establish the etiology and treatment of hypoglycemia. We achieved the biologic and hormonal profile, we performed metabolic blood determinations and genetic tests. Results. We established the diagnosis of severe persistent hypoglycemia. The burden of the results interpretation was represented by the prolonged evolution of the disease, the small age and the family’s low compliance.
Conclusions. Persistent hypoglycemia has multiple causes. The management of an infant with severe hypoglycemia can be difficult and it imposes a complex approach.
Keywords: hypoglycemia, infant, Duarte gene