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ASPECTS OF CONTRACEPTION AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH IN OBESE ADOLESCENT GIRLS
Unintended pregnancies are a serious problem in terms of morbidity during the adolescent years, the use of contraceptives being an important element of prevention at this age. Obese adolescent girls tend to use fewer contraceptive methods compared to normal-weight girls, excess weight being a frequent argument against the use of contraception. These girls have a high probability of carrying unintended pregnancies associated with all the risks of pregnancy and childbirth at very young ages, while also needing safer and more effective contraceptive methods. Reducing the number of pregnancies in this category is a public health priority and requires the identification of adolescent girls included in this risk category. Although there are several voices opposing contraceptive methods on account of their adverse effects, the World Health Organization champions the idea that adolescents can use any contraceptive method due to the benefit of avoided unintended pregnancies, which outbalance the risks associated with the use thereof.
Keywords: adolescent girls, obesity, pregnancy, contraception