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Transient hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in newborn
Myocardial contraction and relaxation is continuously changing during fetal life and during transition from newborn to adult stage. The newborn heart is structurally and functionally immature facing to various aggressive factors it has to respond, and it is the target of perinatal stress. Many changes are attributed to perinatal ischemia (heart failure, mitral and tricuspid regurgitation, ischemic ECG changes), but also to the endogen hyperinsulinism induced to the fetus by the diabetic mother. Echocardiography is the main noninvasive investigation to evaluate the myocardial changes in dynamics, until the remision.
Key words: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, newborn, echocardiography, diabetic mother