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THROMBOEMBOLIC DISEASE IN CHILDREN (EPIDEMIOLOGY, ETIOPATHOGENY AND DIAGNOSIS) (I)
Thrombosis is the result of an imbalance between two complex systems: hemostasis and fibrinolysis. Although the incidence of thromboembolism is lower in children than in adults, the associated morbidity is clinically relevant. This paper summarizes the main risk factors – important in defining effective strategies for primary thromboprophylaxis in children at risk, the diagnostic criteria and the optimal therapeutic approach, which have mostly been extrapolated from the adult’s recommendations until now.
Keywords: thrombosis, child, anticoagulant therapy.