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THE IMPACT OF THE GENETIC FACTOR IN THE REALIZATION OF THE ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION AND METABOLIC DISORDERS AT CHILDREN WITH OVERWEIGHT OR OBESITY
Pediatric sleep medicine is an area of intense research. The importance of screening for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has been emphasized in the recently published international guidelines for the diagnosis and management of childhood OSA. In Romania, the first steps of diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders in children have been recently made and we wanted to assess the current awareness and management option in a group of HCPs. A self-administered questionnaire was sent by email to pediatricians, family doctors, medical doctors of other specialties, including pneumologysts, psychiatrists and ENT specialists. The results, important for the qualitative information, show that pediatric sleep disorders, mainly OSAS, are diagnosed rather by specialists than by family doctors, and that in most cases the management strategy was re-evaluation of the child and/or referral to another specialist. Half of the respondents completed the final open question showing the need for improvement, both theoretical and practical knowledge, for a better communication between specialists and improvement of access to diagnostic tools, as well as increase of education of parents and older children and adolescents. Further research is needed to confirm these qualitative data, however the questionnaire allowed the identification of poor areas for various working groups, finally elaborating recommendations for various interventions which might influence the development of this field in our country as well.
Keywords: sleep, children, obstructive sleep apnea, pediatrician