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OBESITY AND SLEEP-RELATED PATHOLOGY IN CHILDREN
Obesity is a public health problem, with an important increase in prevalence in the last decades, pediatric population also fits these characteristics. Among the systemic complications of obesity is included the sleep – related respiratory pathology. The association obstructive sleep apnea – obesity is suspected in a child who snores, has sleep fragmentation and breathing pauses, but the diagnosis is confirmed using polysomnography. Obstructive sleep apnea has many kinds of complications (increased by the association with obesity) - cardiac, metabolic, neurocognitive, all of them affecting the quality of life. The treatment of obstructive sleep apnea includes weight loss, adenotonsillectomy and CPAP ventilation.
Keywords: obesity, obstructive sleep apnea