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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and mitral regurgitation in children
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition characterised by abnormalities in the morphology and dynamics of the mitral valves, associated with systolic anterior motion, resulting both in obstruction and in mitral regurgitation. There is great individual variation in these patients regarding the predominance of one symptom or the other.
Material and method: we considered a study group of 15 children, aged between 2 and 16 years, diagnosed with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the Pediatric Clinic no. 2, from Timisoara. Among these, we identified by echocardiography monitoring upon admission or during the periodic health examination, a systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral valve, manifested intermittently in 6 of the cases.
Results and discussion: we could not establish a relationship between the obstruction degree in the left ventricle ejection chamber and the value of the mitral regurgitation flow.
Key words: hypertrophic cardiomiopathy, children, pressure gradient