National Awards “Science and Research”
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GROSS MOTOR FUNCTION CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM AND MANUAL ABILITY CLASSIFICATION IN CEREBRAL PALSY EVALUATION
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a chronically cerebral disease, which is defined like a group of non-progressives motor diseases that onset in the first year of life and are the secondary lesions for a developed brain. At pediatric age CP is the most frequent cause of severe and infirmity motor problems.
Aim of the study. Comparative framing in various degrees of severity for CP at child applying two classifications: Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and Manual Ability Classification System (MACS).
Material and Methods. The study group included 129 children (43 girls and 86 boys) aged 2-18 years, diagnosed with various forms of CP. The study protocol included general clinical examination, neurological exam.
Results. Of patients with CP watch, 24 (18,60%) were employed in both the grade I classification GMFCS and MACS. Also, of the 69 children who could walk independently (GMFCS I+II), 60 had good manual dexterity or very good (MACS I+II). Of the 35 patients with severe forms of PC (GMFCS V), 32 could not wield the objects being impressed into MACS V and 3 could handle only certain items being included in MACS IV.
Conclusions. The gross motor function and the manual ability evolve on different levels of severity depending on type of CP. In diskinetic CP, ataxic CP and mixed forms of CP was noticed a higher correlation between the grades of the two classifications.
Keywords: cerebral palsy, motor function, manual ability, child