SELECT ISSUE

Revista Romana de PEDIATRIE | Volumul LXV, Nr. 2, An 2016
ISSN 1454-0398  |  e-ISSN 2069-6175
ISSN-L 1454-0398

Indexed in / abstracted by

Thomson Reuters Embase
Scopus Cross-ref
Index Copernicus
Ulrichs Ebsco Host
Medline - Ebsco PubMed

HIGHLIGHTS

Publicarea de articole stiintifice

Stimati cititori, va reamintim ca autorii primi ai articolelor stiintifice pot acumula 80 de credite EMC in urma publicarii. Daca un articol are mai multi autori, cele 80 de credite [...]

Premiul Societatii pentru autori

Incepand cu 2016, Societatea Romana de Pediatrie ofera Premiul Societatii - pentru autorii celor mai bune articole stiintifice publicate [...]

Plagiatul – in actualitate

Tema plagiatului este tot mai mult discutata in ultima vreme. Aparitia unor programe performante de cautare si identificare a similitudinilor intre texte [...]

POSSIBILITIES AND THERAPY LIMITATIONS IN A CASE OF ADRENOGENITAL SYNDROME

, , , , and

ABSTRACT

Introduction. The adrenogenital syndrome with neonatal onset can manifest by repeated vomiting, dehydration and severe hydro-electrolytic disequilibria. The diagnostic approach, the metabolic reequilibration and the maintenance of the electrolytic balance in normal ranges by chronic treatment can be associated with difficulties.
Objective. We present a case of adrenogenital syndrome with severe neonatal onset, evolution accompanied by different complications, but with a prognosis improved by the adequate chronic treatment.
Material and method. A male child with small birth weight, was admitted in the Pediatrcs Clinic I, Targu-Mures, at the age of 3 weeks, with a severe clinic-biological syndrome by chronic vomiting and severe dehydration, and apparent macrogenitosomia. We performed a wide spectrum of investigations in acute phase, but also afterwards for the elaboration of the differential diagnosis.
Results. We identified persistent hyponatremia and hypopotassemia, an increased level of 17-OH progesterone (44.96 ng/ml) and the cortisol under the normal limit (3 ug/dl). We discovered significantly increased concentrations of ACTH (103 pg/ml in the morning) and total serum cholesterol (186.72 ng/dl). The macromolecular analysis pointed out the heterozygote genotype for the following mutations: 12G, R356W, P453S. The adequate chronic treatment with cortisone improved the prognosis; at the age of 1 years and 5 months, he presents an adequate height, weight and psychomotor development.
Conclusions. We fulfilled the conditions of the diagnosis of adrenogenital syndrome with neonatal onset in a heterozygote child. The small age the uncharacteristic symptomatology can be a burden for establishing an early diagnosis of adrenogenital syndrome.

Keywords: vomiting, newborn, hyponatremia

Full text | PDF

Leave a Reply